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Mies valittiin parhaaksi naisnäyttelijäksi – kuopiolaiselokuvalle menestystä Berliinissä Meiltä onnistuu tämäkin: Kuopiolaisen elokuvayhdistyksen Light-Cone ry:n elokuva Patsaat Kuolevat (Breaking Statues, 2014) on palkittu Berliinissä WIPE 2016 -festivaaleilla. Ohjaaja Sasu Kerman palkittiin parhaana ohjaajana ja Jani Heikkinen parhaana naisnäyttelijänä. Heikkinen näyttelee elokuvassa transvestiitin roolin.

Semi‐automated International Cartilage Repair Society scoring of equine articular cartilage lesions in optical coherence tomography images

Background Arthroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising tool for the detailed evaluation of articular cartilage injuries. However, OCT‐based articular cartilage scoring still relies on the operator’s visual estimation. Objectives To test the hypothesis that semi‐automated International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) scoring of chondral lesions seen in OCT images could enhance intra‐ and interobserver […]

Ultrasound Arthroscopy of Hip in Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans

An ultrasound arthroscopy (UA) technique is a promising tool for the evaluation of the articular cartilage during arthroscopic examination. However, the applicability of UA for the evaluation of the hip joint is unknown. We describe a UA assessment of a patient with osteochondritis dissecans at the femoral head. An ultrasound catheter designed for intravascular imaging […]

Finite difference time domain model of ultrasound propagation in agarose scaffold containing collagen or chondrocytes

Measurement of ultrasound backscattering is a promising diagnostic technique for arthroscopic evaluation of articular cartilage. However, contribution of collagen and chondrocytes on ultrasound backscattering and speed of sound in cartilage is not fully understood and is experimentally difficult to study. Agarose hydrogels have been used in tissue engineering applications of cartilage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to simulate the propagation of high frequency ultrasound (40 MHz) […]

Species-Independent Modeling of High-Frequency Ultrasound Backscatter in Hyaline Cartilage

Apparent integrated backscatter (AIB) is a common ultrasound parameter used to assess cartilage matrix degeneration. However, the specific contributions of chondrocytes, proteoglycan and collagen to AIB remain unknown. To reveal these relationships, this work examined biopsies and cross sections of human, ovine and bovine cartilage with 40-MHz ultrasound biomicroscopy. Site-matched estimates of collagen concentration, proteoglycan concentration, collagen […]

Arthroscopic optical coherence tomography provides detailed information on articular cartilage lesions in horses

Arthroscopy enables direct inspection of the articular surface, but provides no information on deeper cartilage layers. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), based on measurement of reflection and backscattering of light, is a diagnostic technique used in cardiovascular surgery and ophthalmology. It provides cross-sectional images at resolutions comparable to that of low-power microscopy. The aim of this study was to determine […]

Ultrasound Backscattering Is Anisotropic in Bovine Articular Cartilage

Collagen, proteoglycans and chondrocytes can contribute to ultrasound scattering in articular cartilage. However, anisotropy of ultrasound scattering in cartilage is not fully characterized. We investigate this using a clinical intravascular ultrasound device with ultrasound frequencies of 9 and 40 MHz. Osteochondral samples were obtained from intact bovine patellas, and cartilage was imaged in two perpendicular […]

Application of optical coherence tomography enhances reproducibility of arthroscopic evaluation of equine joints

Abstract Background Arthroscopy is widely used in various equine joints for diagnostic and surgical purposes. However, accuracy of defining the extent of cartilage lesions and reproducibility in grading of lesions are not optimal. Therefore, there is a need for new, more quantitative arthroscopic methods. Arthroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging is a promising tool introduced […]

Inter-individual changes in cortical bone three-dimensional microstructure and elastic coefficient have opposite effects on radial sound speed

nowledge about simultaneous contributions of tissue microstructure and elastic properties on ultrasound speed in cortical bone is limited. In a previous study, porosities and elastic coefficients of cortical bone in human femurs were shown to change with age. In the present study, influences of inter-individual and site-dependent variation in cortical bone microstructure and elastic properties on radial speed of sound (SOS; at 4, 6, and […]